Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies

Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Significant Accounting Policies
2. Significant Accounting Policies


(a) Basis of Presentation


These consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and are expressed in U.S. dollars. These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and the following active entities:


  Pacific Green Marine Technologies Ltd. (“PGMTL”)   Wholly-owned subsidiary
  Pacific Green Marine Technologies Inc. (US)(“PGMTI”)   Wholly-owned subsidiary

Pacific Green Technologies International Limited (“PGTIL”)

Pacific Green Marine Technologies Inc. (CAN)(“PGTCAN”)


Wholly-owned subsidiary

Wholly-owned subsidiary

  Pacific Green Technologies Asia Limited (“PGTA”)   Wholly-owned subsidiary of PGTIL
  Pacific Green Technologies China Limited (“PGTC”)   Wholly-owned subsidiary of PGTA


All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.


(b) Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements


ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy based on the level of independent, objective evidence surrounding the inputs used to measure fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. ASC 820 prioritizes the inputs into three levels that may be used to measure fair value:


Level 1


Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2


Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.


Level 3


Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.


The Company’s financial instruments consist principally of cash, amounts receivable, loan receivable, lease receivable, amounts due from and to related parties, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, convertible debenture, and derivative liability. The recorded values of these financial instruments approximate their current fair values because of their nature and respective maturity dates or durations.


The following table represents assets and liabilities that are measured and recognized at fair value as of December 31, 2018, on a recurring basis:


      Level 1
    Level 2
    Level 3
  Cash     3,677,371              
  Derivative liability           374,607        
  Total     3,677,371       374,607        


During the nine months ended December 31, 2018, the Company recognized a loss on the change in fair value of derivative liability of $299,102 (2017 – $187,375).


(c) Inventory


The Company’s inventory consists of manufacturing and installation projects in various stages of completion. Inventories are recorded at cost and consist of design, materials, and shipyard installation costs incurred. As at December 31, 2018, all inventories were considered work in progress.


(d) Revenue Recognition


The Company derives revenue from the sale of emission control equipment.


Revenue is recognized when control of products or services is transferred to customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those promised products or services.


The Company determines revenue recognition through the following five steps:


· Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer
· Identification of the performance obligations in the contract
· Determination of the transaction price
· Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
· Recognition of revenue when, or as, performance obligations are satisfied


The Company accounts for a contract when it has approval and commitment from both parties, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance and collectability of consideration is probable.


(e) Recent Accounting Pronouncements


In February 2016, the FASB issued new lease accounting guidance in ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases”. This new guidance was initiated as a joint project with the International Accounting Standards Board to simplify lease accounting and improve the quality of and comparability of financial information for users. This new guidance would eliminate the concept of off-balance sheet treatment for “operating leases” for lessees for the vast majority of lease contracts. Under ASU No. 2016-02, at inception, a lessee must classify all leases with a term of over one year as either finance or operating, with both classifications resulting in the recognition of a defined “right-of-use” asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet. However, recognition in the income statement will differ depending on the lease classification, with finance leases recognizing the amortization of the right-of-use asset separate from the interest on the lease liability and operating leases recognizing a single total lease expense. Lessor accounting under ASU No. 2016-02 would be substantially unchanged from the previous lease requirements under GAAP. ASU No. 2016-02 will take effect for public companies in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted and for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, lessees and lessors must apply a modified retrospective transition approach. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance and has not determined the impact this standard may have on the consolidated financial statements.


The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its consolidated financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.